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COVID-19 Disease | Corona Virus Symptoms, Precautions And Some Important points

Hello, audience! Today we got a quintessential topic of COVID 19 and its detailed description. We are here to provide awareness, precautions, symptoms, prevention, and important points of the Corona Virus. Nowadays this has become a public health crisis threatening the world with the emergence and spread of coronavirus. This harmful virus originated in bats and was transmitted to humans in China in December 2019. There have been around 96,000 reported cases of corona virus 2019 (COVID-2019) and 3300 reported deaths till 5th March 2020. The disease is circulated by inhalation or contact with the infected person’s droplets and the incubation period ranges from 2 to 15 days which is an isolation period. Hope this article will help you to protect yourselves and your loved ones from COVID 19 by getting an awareness. Please go through the complete article and follow our blogs in order to get accurate updates.

What is Corona Virus?

A current pathogenic virus, COVID‐19 stands Corona virus Disease, appeared in 2019, in Wuhan, China, typically causing fever, cough, diarrhea and fatigue, and significant mortality From mid‐January to mid‐February in 2020. It came up with the powerful and dangerous virus strains and created this pandemic situation. Corona viruses are a genealogy of viruses that can cause respiratory attacks in humans and might occur more effectively in people with weak immune systems and even if they had respiratory infections or pneumonia earlier. ‘Corona’, the name is derived from its shape- crown-like spikes on the surface of the virus. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and the common cold are examples of corona viruses that cause disorders in humans. Proper diagnosis is by an illustration of the virus in respiratory secretions by specific molecular tests. Common laboratory findings include normal white cell counts with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP). The computerized tomographic chest scan is usually abnormal even in those with no symptoms or mild disease. Treatment is essentially supportive; the role of antiviral agents is yet to be established. Prevention entails home isolation of suspected cases and those with mild illnesses and strict infection control measures at hospitals that include contact and droplet precautions. The virus spreads faster than its two ancestors the SARS-CoV by droplets of an infected person and Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus (MERS-CoV), but has lower fatality. 

Symptoms Of Corona Virus

COVID-19 symptoms include:

Most common symptoms:

  • fever
  • dry cough
  • tiredness

Less common symptoms:

  • aches and pains
  • sore throat
  • diarrhoea
  • conjunctivitis
  • headache
  • loss of taste or smell
  • a rash on the skin, (or) discoloration of fingers (or) toes

Serious symptoms:

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • chest pain (or) pressure
  • loss of speech (or) movement

Note: Seek medical attention immediately if you have severe symptoms. Always call before you see your doctor or health care facility.

Some other symptoms with the corona virus include mild COVID-19 sickness, and others have no symptoms at all. In some cases, however, COVID-19 can lead to respiratory failure, lasting lung, and heart muscle damage, nervous system problems, kidney failure, or death. And some others are recovering from COVID easily but it’s showing an effect on other body functions.

How Corona Virus Enters into a Human Body?

Once the infected person expels virus droplets and any other person inhales them, the corona virus, called SARS-CoV-2, enters the nose and throat. It will enter the lining of the nose. They found that cells there are rich in a cell-surface receptor called angiotensin-converting enzyme Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2. Throughout the body, the presence of Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2,  which normally helps regulate blood pressure, marks tissues vulnerable to infection, because the virus requires that receptor to enter a cell.

As the virus multiplies, an infected person may identify the symptoms slowly. The new victim may develop a fever, dry cough, sore throat, loss of smell and taste, or head and body aches. If the immune system doesn’t beat back SARS-CoV-2 during this initial phase, the virus then marches down the windpipe to attack the lungs, where it can turn deadly. The thinner, distant branches of the lung’s respiratory tree end in tiny air sacs called alveoli, each lined by a single layer of cells that are also rich in Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2

Normally, oxygen crosses the alveoli into the capillaries, tiny blood vessels that lie beside the air sacs; the oxygen is then carried to the rest of the body. But as the immune system wars with the invader, the battle itself disrupts this healthy oxygen transfer. This is the underlying pathology of pneumonia, with its corresponding symptoms: coughing; fever; and rapid, shallow respiration. Some COVID-19 patients recover, sometimes with no more support than oxygen breathed in through nasal prongs. But others will break down, often quite suddenly, developing a condition called acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Oxygen levels in their blood decrease and they struggle ever harder to breathe. Commonly, these patients end up on ventilators. Many die.

How COVID Gets Tested?

If you feel your symptoms are specific to the corona virus, there are specific labs set up for conducting corona virus tests, so you may be directed to one of these labs. There are different types of coronavirus tests that can be done

  • Swab Test: In this case, a special swab is used to take a sample from your nose or throat
  • Nasal aspirate: In this case, a saline solution will be injected into your nose and, then a sample is taken with a light suction
  • Tracheal aspirate: In this case, a thin tube with a torch, also known as a bronchoscope, is put into your mouth to reach your lungs from where a sample is collected. 
  • Sputum Test: Sputum is thick mucus that gets accumulated in the lungs and comes out with a cough. During this test, you’re required to cough up sputum in a special cup, or a swab is used to take a sample from your nose
  • Rapid diagnostic tests based on antigen detection: Rapid test has also been started for the COVID-19, which involves taking samples from the nose, throat, and lungs. A rapid diagnostic test (RDT) of a sample of the respiratory tract of a person helps to detect the viral proteins related to the COVID-19 virus. This ensures a speedy and accurate diagnosis and its usage is CDC-approved.

What If COVID 19 Attacks?

If test results come out positive, then you may be affected by the coronavirus. Anyhow there are no specific treatments for the corona virus infection, however, the healthcare professional may suggest some steps that’ll help you to relieve the symptoms. 

Here are the steps everyone can follow to ease the symptoms are:

  • Drinking a lot of hot water
  • Allot one room 
  • Getting plenty of rest without going out
  • Taking over-the-counter medicines

If the situation gets worse or you show signs of pneumonia, you should get admitted to a hospital. Some of the common symptoms of pneumonia are severe cough, slow breathing, and high fever. 

If you’re diagnosed with coronavirus, you should follow the below steps to prevent any spread of infection: 

  • Don’t leave home unless you go to the hospital
  • Always wear a face mask in public places or when you’re around other people
  • Don’t share any personal items such as drinking cups, eating plates, towels, or any other items with anybody. 
  • Always wash your hand thoroughly for around 20 seconds. In case soap water is not available, you can use an alcohol-based sanitizer, which at least contains 60% alcohol. 

If your results turned negative, you can check with the family doctor and get medicines whether any further tests are required. Take precautions properly without negligence. Prevention is better than cure. Here are the preventive measures,

  • Wash your hands thoroughly for 20 seconds and use alcohol-based sanitizers in absence of soap-water
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth a lot 
  • If possible, avoid being close to people who are sneezing or coughing
  • Clean the household items which are frequently handled with a disinfectant spray.

Name of Covid19 Vaccination In India

coronavirus-vaccine

Vaccination is the most important thing which we should not neglect in this current dangerous situation. So everyone is now eligible for vaccination above 18 years and this was announced by the Indian Government.

There are two types of vaccines that are approved in India,

  • COVAXIN:

COVAXIN is India’s initial COVID-19 vaccine Bharat Biotech is developed in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) – National Institute of Virology (NIV). This indigenous, inactivated vaccine is developed and manufactured in Bharat Biotech’s Bio-Safety Level 3 high containment facility. The vaccine received approval from the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) for Phase I & II Human Clinical Trials.

  • COVISHIELD:

The Serum Institute of India (SII) and Indian Council of Medical Research are jointly conducting a Phase II/III, Observer-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Study to Determine the Safety and capability of Covishield.

How To Register For COVID 19 Vaccines?

  • via Co-WIN app:

  1. Visit the website of the Co-WIN app on your Android smartphone via the Google Play Store.
  2. Access the app and enter your mobile number.
  3. Enter the OTP once you receive it and click tap Verify.
  4. Now, the registration page will appear. 
  5. Fill in your personal details including name, age, gender, and more.
  6. Upload the required documents.
  7. Tap on the register button.
  8. Select the health center and schedule an appointment for any available date.
  9. Book an Appointment to successfully register yourself for the COVID-19 vaccine. 
  •  Via Co-WIN Website:

  1. Open the Co-WIN website- www.covin.gov.in
  2. Scroll down to ‘Find Your Nearest Vaccination Center’.
  3. Click on ‘Register Yourself.
  4. Enter your mobile number and tap on Get OTP
  5. Enter the OTP and follow the on-screen instructions to get yourself registered.
  • Via Aarogya Setu App:

  1. Install the Aarogya Setu app on your Android or iOS device. In case you already have the app, make sure it is up-to-date. 
  2. Register yourself using the on-screen instructions.
  3. Tap on the Vaccination tab.
  4. Enter your mobile number and verify it via the OTP.
  5. You gotta register for the vaccine by filling up the required details.

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